Bug-out bag

bug-out bag is a portable kit popular in the survivalism subculture that contains the items one would require to survive for seventy two hours when evacuating from a disaster. It is also known as a 72-hour kit, and other popular names include GO Bag and GOOD (Get Out Of Dodge) bag. The focus is on evacuation, rather than long-term survival, distinguishing the bug-out bag from a survival kit, a boating or aviation emergency kit, or a fixed-site disaster supplies kit.

The term bug-out bag is related to, and possibly derived from, the "bail-out bag" emergency kit many military aviators carry. The concept passed into wide usage among other military and law enforcement personnel, though the "bail-out bag" is as likely to include emergency gear for going into an emergency situation as for escaping an emergency.

The primary purpose of a bug-out bag is to allow one to evacuate quickly if a disaster should strike.  It is therefore prudent to gather all of the materials and supplies that might be required to do this into a single place, such as a bag or a few storage containers. The recommendation that a bug-out bag should contain enough supplies for seventy two hours arises from advice from organizations responsible for disaster relief and management that it may take them up to seventy two hours to reach people affected by a disaster and offer help.

In addition to allowing one to survive a disaster evacuation, a bug-out bag may also be utilized when sheltering in place as a response to emergencies such as house fires, blackouts,tornadoes, and other severe natural disasters.

 

Typical contents

The suggested contents of a bug-out bag vary, but most of the following are usually included:

  • Enough food and water to last for seventy two hours. This includes:
    • Water for washing, drinking and cooking. Canada recommends 2 litres per person per day.  New Zealand recommends 3 litres per person per day for drinking. US recommends 1 gallon (3.78 litres) per person per day.
    • Non-perishable food.
    • water purification supplies.
    • Cooking supplies.
    • Cutlery and cups/dishes.
  • first aid kit.
  • Fire starting tool (i.e. matches, ferrocerium rod, lighter, etc.)
  • A disaster plan including location of emergency centers, rallying points, possible evacuation routes etc.
  • Professional emergency literature explaining what to do in various types of disaster, studied and understood before the actual disaster but kept for reference.
  • Maps and travel information.[18]
  • Standard camping equipment, including sanitation supplies.[19]
  • Weather appropriate clothing (poncho, headwear, gloves, etc.)
  • Bedding items such as sleeping bags & blankets.
  • Enough medicine to last an extended evacuation period.
  • Pet, child and elderly care needs.[20]
  • Battery or crank operated Radio.[21]
  • Lighting (battery or crank operated flashlightglow sticks).[22]
  • Firearms and appropriate ammunition.
  • Crowbar (weapon, building and vehicle entry, etc.)
  • Cash and change, as electronic banking transactions may not be available during the initial period following an emergency or evacuation.
  • Fixed-blade and folding knife.
  • Duct Tape